航 means sail. This was the first major move from either side during the Space Race. If I knew you I would give anyone 5 dollars who could tell me this one. Yang Liwei was a military pilot and major general in the air force. 天 means sky, heaven. The names of China's second group of astronauts, or taikonauts, was revealed by a signed collectors' envelope. Yang Liwei, China's First Astronaut in Space With a Long March-II-F carrier rocket pushing Shenzhou V into the orbit some 300 kilometers away from the Earth Wednesday morning, Yang Liwei… In the midst of the Cold War, Russia’s Sputnik 1 launch in 1957, shook America’s confidence in its space and tech superiority over the Soviets. The term "astronaut" derives from the Greek words meaning "space sailor," and refers to all who have been launched as crew members aboard NASA spacecraft bound for orbit and beyond. The last man who walked on the moon was Eugene Cernan – just three years, five months later. The more official term is 航天员。航天 is one word, meaning travel to space or traveling outer space. List of astronauts by name — This is an alphabetical list of astronauts, people trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. So the entire term literally means space sailing personnel, or “sky/heaven sailing personnel”. This group includes China's first female astronauts. Of the 12 people who walked on the moon, only four are still alive to celebrate the 50th Anniversary year; Buzz Aldrin, Dave Scott, Charlie Duke and Jack Schmitt. The first man to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong on 21 July 1969. Edgar D. Mitchell, Alan B. Shepard Jr. (center), and Stuart A. Roosa. The first Chinese astronaut to travel to space, Yang Liwei, was sent by the CNSA. 员 means personnel. In 2003, he rode to orbit aboard a Shenzhou 5 capsule on top of a Long March family rocket (the Changzheng 2F). Chinese space officials have discussed building a crewed "lunar palace," perhaps near the moon's south pole, and eventually sending astronauts all the way to Mars.

But, since I don't know you its kind a hard. The term "astronaut" has been maintained as the title for those selected to join the NASA corps of astronauts who make "space sailing" their career profession.