Around 1600 BC, a tsunami caused by the eruption of Thira devastated the Minoan civilization on Crete and related cultures in the Cyclades, as well as in areas on the Greek mainland facing the eruption, such as the Argolid. Tsunamis have occurred often throughout history. The earthquake and subsequent tsunami that devastated Japan in 2011 showed just how vulnerable modern society is to the power of Mother Nature. While tsunamis were largely unknown to the wider public before the hugely destructive 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami, they have occurred many times in the past. The town has an area of 163.74 square kilometres (63.22 sq mi), and as of October 1, 2004 the population of the area was 19,170. Analyzing the tsunami deposits, Minoura and colleagues concluded that the … Situated in northeastern Honshu, Japan’s largest island, Sanriku Fukko (reconstruction) National Park was created as part of the Tohoku region’s recovery efforts after the devastating 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Sanriku Earthquake and Tsunami – Japan – June 15, 1896 1 Comment / Natural / By devastating This disaster included a powerful earthquake of magnitude 8.5, followed by a massive tsunami. The oldest recorded tsunami occurred in 479 BC. Minamisanriku (南三陸町, Minamisanriku-chō, "South three land"), also spelled Minami Sanriku, is a resort town on the Pacific Coast of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Located in the Tohoku region and facing the Pacific Ocean, the Sanriku coast of Iwate Prefecture in Japan has experienced large tsunami disasters due to earthquakes that have occurred in the vicinity of the Japan Trench. The tsunami in the year of 869 was named the Jogan tsunami, after the name of the emperor at the time. It struck the northeast coast of Japan. The historical document of Japan, Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku, indicates that a large-scale earthquake and subsequent tsunami attacked the northeast Japan on July 13, 869, resulting in the loss of 1,000 lives (Minoura et al. 2001). Sanriku, Japan, 1896 – Japan is one of the many countries that lie above the Pacific Ring of Fire.
The volcanic eruption itself killed roughly 2,000 people, while the tsunamis reached a record of estimated 38,000 fatalities.